Development cooperation between Germany and Serbia supports education projects for hard-to-employ people, supports the introduction of the dual system of vocational education in Serbia, encourages small and medium-sized enterprises and helps self-employed persons and enterprise founders. We are particularly focused on industries of the future, such as information and communication technology, the metal industry and organic farming in German development cooperation, this evaluation analyses the quality of evaluations depending on the fragility of the context. The analysis identifies factors that impede evaluations in fragile contexts and offers ideas on how to increase the usefulness of evaluations Germany's Federal Ministry for Economic Cooperation and Development (BMZ) and the Federal Foreign Office (AA) are two pillars of Germany's development cooperation, with each ostensibly responsible for varying areas of policy. 8 Specifically, AA has the formal role of overseeing activities related to humanitarian aid and BMZ is responsible for activities related to structural assistance in. The German Institute for Development Evaluation (DEval) is mandated by the German Federal Ministry for Economic Cooperation and Development (BMZ) to independently analyse and assess German development interventions. Evaluation reports contribute to the transparency of development results and provide policymakers with evidence and lessons learned, based o
Germany is one of the largest donors of official development assistance (ODA) with core contributions of EUR 22 billion in 2017.However, development policy and the provision of funds for development cooperation are frequently criticised in the media for being ineffective, inefficient, or post-colonial and neo-imperialistic German bilateral development cooperation focuses on two main areas: Peace and conflict transformation funded by the German Federal Ministry for Economic Cooperation and Development (BMZ) with a regional focus on Mindanao and projects related to the environment, climate protection, biodiversity and adaptation to climate change supported by the Federal Ministry for the Environment, Nature Conservation, Building and Nuclear Safety (BMU)
German Development Cooperation with Namibia Article. Bilateral development cooperation is an integral part of the special relationship between Namibia and Germany. A world in which everyone can live a self-determined life in freedom, a world without poverty, violent conflicts and environmental degradation - international development policy has set itself the goal of coming closer to this. The German Agency for International Cooperation or (GIZ) is an international enterprise owned by the German Federal Government, operating in many fields across more than 130 countries. As a federal enterprise, they support the German Government in achieving its objectives in the field of international cooperation for sustainable development Development Cooperation The German Federal Ministry for Economic Cooperation and Development (BMZ) is supporting GWP in the successful development of markets in developing and emerging countries and setting up sustainable local water management . Its main client is the Federal Ministry for Economic Cooperation and Development. However, we also operate on behalf of other government departments, such as the Federal Foreign Office (AA), the Federal Ministry for the Environment, Nature Conservation, Building and.
of German development cooperation have also rati - fied the majority of the core human rights treaties, they are equally obliged to implement them. In line with its own human rights commitments, the German Federal Ministry for Economic Coop-eration and Development (BMZ) adopted its first Development Policy Action Plans on Human Rights . in 2004 and 2008. They were replaced by a binding Human. The objective of Kenyan-German development cooperation in the energy sector is to achieve an environmentally-friendly, cost-effective and reliable energy supply in the country focusing on geothermal, solar, hydro and wind power. GDC is partnering with the private sector to promote renewable energy technologies and energy efficiency measures German Development Cooperation is focused on reducing global poverty, ensuring peace and human security and preserving the environment in an international framework. The guiding principle in all development efforts is the protection of human rights. Through its development policy, Germany has pledged to take an active part in realising the goals set out in the . Millennium . Declaration, the. [...] development goals of German development cooperation such as reducing [...] poverty, ensuring food security or climate stability, the question arises as to the necessity and potential of reform of the lending criteria and the scrutiny standards to assess ecological, social and developmental impacts on exports and investment projects receiving funding Germany's Development Cooperation in a Nutshell. Germany has been a long standing partner to Uganda. The start of the German-Ugandan development cooperation dates back to the year 1964, two years after the country declared its independence. Having focused on various areas over time, the current bilateral cooperation portfolio specialises in agriculture and rural development, renewable energy and energy efficiency as well as support to refugee hosting communities, good governance, human.
He points out that it is in Germany's interest to support poorer countries in the fight against the virus. We can only stop the spread of Covid-19 by working together - at home and everywhere in the world, says Mr Müller. German development cooperation is helping in numerous different ways Focal Areas of German Development Cooperation. Freedom and security for all; a life without poverty, fear and environmental destruction - to move a little closer to this goal is the aim of Germany's development policy. In the pages below you find information on the principles of German development cooperation
German development cooperation. The findings and recommendations are directed at decision-makers in German development policy as well as development professionals in Germany and abroad. The interdisciplinary study is the result of a project on children's rights in development policy at the Ger-man Institute for Human Rights between 2012 and 2014. It was commissioned by the Federal Ministr D+C Development + Cooperation. Search . English; Deutsch; User menu. Log in. About D+C. Home. Newsletter. Subscribe to D+C. Imprint. Sustainable development requires global awareness and local action. Inhalt . Briefings. Diaspora communities. Go to briefing. Diaspora communities: potentially powerful drivers of change. The coronavirus pandemic is affecting societies and economies around the. Germany is expected to have its first multi-ministerial LGBTI inclusion plan for development cooperation and foreign policy. The federal government is thereby addressing long-standing calls from civil society, and aligning with countries like Sweden, Canada and the Netherlands. At Forum 4 of the Hirschfeld-Eddy Foundation's conference on 3 December 2020, representatives of th Development cooperation China is a partner country of German development cooperation. For more information please visit the website of the Federal Ministry for Economic Cooperation and Development
Corona in Financial Cooperation Corona special page. KfW Development Bank . News . 2021-03-22 | Gaza . Long breath required - wastewater treatment plant in Gaza put into operation. Read more. 2021-03-15 | Niger. Conquering hunger and defying climate change. Read more. 2021-03-04 | Indonesia. KfW provides EUR 2.5 billion for German-Indonesian climate initiative. Read more. One Pager . For more. In this framework, the German development cooperation is actively supporting the reform of rural cooperative banks implemented by the National Bank for Agriculture and Rural Development (NABARD). It is also providing support for many aspects of promotion of small and medium enterprises (SMEs) in collaboration with the Small Industries Development Bank of India (SIDBI) The DFG enables research cooperations between researchers in Germany and in developing countries through research grants for individual projects. The aim is to promote scientific cooperation between Germany and developing countries within the framework of scientifically demanding research projects. Information about the Programm
German Development Cooperation with Namibia Artikel. Bilateral development cooperation is an integral part of the special relationship between Namibia and Germany. A world in which everyone can live a self-determined life in freedom, a world without poverty, violent conflicts and environmental degradation - international development policy has set itself the goal of coming closer to this. German Development Cooperation Websites. The Social Determinants of Health Network (SDH-Net) The Social Determinants of Health Network (SDH-Net) SDH-Net's aim is to strengthen and link research capacities for health and its social determinants in African and Latin American low and middle income countries in close collaboration with European partners. It is being carried out by a strong.
German development cooperation with SADC. The G7 and G20, as well as the EU, are committed to strengthening regional organisations such as SADC. In its Federal Government Policy Guidelines for Africa, adopted in 2014, the Federal Government undertook to further strengthen regional integration in Africa. Intensified cooperation with the African Union (AU) and other regional organisations in. Projects of German Development Cooperation in the Extractives Sector This map may not always reflect the policy of the German Federal Government on public international law. The map displays all projects of German technical cooperation with a focus on the extractive sector The Deutsche Gesellschaft für Internationale Zusammenarbeit (GIZ) GmbH (English: German Corporation for International Cooperation GmbH), often shortened to simply GIZ, is a German development agency headquartered in Bonn and Eschborn that provides services in the field of international development cooperation and international education work Within the German Bundestag, the Committee on Economic Cooperation and Development deals intensively with the many factors that impact on development, such as climate change, population growth, world trade, basic services (education, healthcare, social security systems), good governance, food sovereignty, minimum standards, gender and inclusion
In 1982, China and Germany signed the general agreement for development cooperation, and Germany began to provide development assistance to China. From 1982-2012, Germany provided a total of USD 1.21 billion in technical assistance. China was Germany's largest bilateral development assistance recipient during that period Guided by the Rectangular Strategy Phase III and the National Strategic Development Plan (2014-2018), German development cooperation with Cambodia focuses on Rural Development and Social Protection in Health. Germany also provides support to strengthening democratic governance, inclusive institutions at all levels and a dynamic civil society with a focus on gender equality, and reconciliation. Germany also supports Botswana via contributions to multilateral organisations active in the country, such as the EU, the World Bank, UNDP and the African Development Bank, and through its development cooperation with the Southern African Development Community (SADC). The most important SADC activities in Botswana supported by Germany are a. Telegram , Population dynamics in German development cooperation Broschüre, 18 Seiten Stand: 30. Juli 2013 Sprachen: Englisch New edition. Zur Originalbeschreibung Nur als Download verfügbar. . Home \ Master Programmes. Master of Public Management (MPM) Young, modern, and focused on the future: founded in. Master of Arts: Development and Governance . This Master programme in Development and Governance combines teaching. Master of Arts in Development Management. The aim of the 18-month MA in Development Management. Suche nach: CONTACT. Ricarda Bruder Pedroso.
Both Germany's official development cooperation and the work done by German development NGOs have a worldwide reputation. All over the world Made in Germany is a synonym for quality - and that.. German development cooperation contributesto improving access to natural resources such as water, land and pastures enabling their more intensified and sustainable use. This strengthens the drought resilience of affected communities. Factsheet Agriculture Drought Resilience. Agricultural Productivity . Germany supports the Agricultural Growth Programme of Ethiopia through activities for. . Germany's aim in Malawi is to contribute to poverty reduction as well as inclusive and sustainable growth. Germany provides assistance through bilateral, regional and multilateral governmental development cooperation, as well as in cooperation with non-governmental organisations, churches, volunteer services. In October 2019, the Federal Government of Somalia and the German Government (Federal Ministry for Economic Cooperation and Development, BMZ) pledged to extend their bilateral cooperation by another 67 million EUR. This brings Germany's total bilateral support to Somalia to currently approx. 350 million EUR
Development cooperation To support sustainable development DAAD offers both scholarships for studies - in Germany and within home regions - and university cooperation programmes. The programmes mainly enhance human capacity, further quality and relevance of learning, and contribute to solving global challenges The Southern African Development Community (SADC) is a regional organisation consisting of 15 Southern African states with the objective of realising ambitio.. . Indonesia is not just a reliable bilateral partner of German development cooperation Due to its regional political significance, Egypt and Germany have a long history of international cooperation. Since 1956, GIZ has been the technical implem.. Development cooperation is increasingly taking place in states affected by violent conflict. The number of state and non-state armed conflicts is currently at a historically high level. In 2018, 37 countries worldwide were affected by violent conflict, 32 of which are cooperating partners of German development cooperation. As conflicts spread.
In Germany, development cooperation is the policy field with the longest tradition in evaluation. All major German organisations in development cooperation use the instrument of evaluation - however, to different degrees with regard to qualitative and quantitative aspects. This study on behalf of the German Federal Ministry for Economic Cooperation and Development (BMZ) analyses methodically. Development Cooperation The Economic Cooperation and Development Section is responsible for the central coordination of development policy-related activities between the Federal Republic of Germany and the Republic of South Africa (diplomatic accreditation extends to the Kingdom of Lesotho). Girl with YDF footballs © GIZ/YD The Possibilities of German Development Cooperation in Reducing Gas Flaring. 15.12.2017 | The term 'Gas Flaring' describes a process during the extraction of crude oil whereby associated natural gas is burned-off. Gas Flaring faces increasing criticism since the practice constitutes a waste of fossil resources and at the same time creates unnecessary emission. A variety of different.
German-Jordanian cooperation started already in 1959 with support to the exploration of natural resources in the Kingdom. Ever since, both countries have worked intensively together to promote sustainable development in Jordan - and have achieved significant results in the area of water/wastewater, education, employment promotion, environmental protection and solid waste management Indo-German development cooperation is well integrated in the foreign policy framework of relations between India and Germany. Both countries are equally committed to achieving the Millennium Development Goals (MDGs); further, they want to tackle global challenges in the fields of climate and environment. India is viewed by Germany as one of the Global Development Partners that have a key role. Positive developments, such as the halving of the number of people living in poverty and the establishment of middle classes are rarely discussed. New, locally adapted technologies have emerged in developing countries. Unfortunately, we pay too little attention to these developments. Accordingly, German and European development cooperation is still far too often based on an outdated image of. The Federal Ministry for Economic Cooperation and Development (German: Bundesministerium für wirtschaftliche Zusammenarbeit und Entwicklung), abbreviated BMZ, is a cabinet-level ministry of the Federal Republic of Germany. Its main office is at the former German Chancellery in Bonn with a second major office at the Europahaus in Berlin. Founded in 1961, the Ministry works to encourage.
German Development Cooperation There is substantial evidence that the tourism sector provides enormous potential for economic develop-ment, more so than any other industry, particularly in rural areas, though in some cases it may pose certain risks. It is therefore a matter of making full use of the potential that tourism has to offer, while reducing the risks involved to a minimum. This can. i German bilateral development cooperation in the forest sector: A critical reflection based on the analysis of forest-related development initiatives from Indonesia, Cameroon, an principle that applies to German development cooperation; to address the fact that the project's structure replicates the (neo)colonial relationship between Germany and Namibia and to explore how the problematic understanding of history expressed as part of the BCBU project could have come about; to recognise that, as confirmed by credible scientific studies, the use of biomass imported from. Civil society calls for a government policy paper - a chronology. Article in German. Norway, Sweden, the Netherlands, Great Britain and Canada all have a policy plan that addresses the existence and needs of lesbians, gay men, bisexuals, trans* and intersex people (LGBTI) in foreign policy and development cooperation.Although Germany is an important donor country in development cooperation.
German development cooperation bases its approach concerning the cross-cutting issue of population dynamics on certain key documents. At the international level, these include the Programme of Action adopted at the 1994 ICPD in Cairo and the 2030 Agenda with its 17 SDGs. At the national level, German development cooperation i Germany and Malawi look back at more than fifty years of friendship and cooperation, right from its independence on 6 July 1964. An abundance of official and personal ties illustrustrate our close and trustful relations. Jürgen T. Borsch, Ambassador. More about . Service. Contact. Visa. Certifications. How to reach the Embassy. Make it in Germany. Studying and working in Germany. Looking back. Development cooperation is an important pillar of the German-Ghanaian bilateral relations. The goal of the German-Ghanaian development cooperation is to consolidate Ghana's status as a lower middle-income country by promoting sustainable, poverty-oriented, and inclusive economic growth. Read more . Development Cooperation. 23.05.2019 Publication GHANA JOB FAIR 2019. Accra, 23rd May, 2019: The.
Many translated example sentences containing development cooperation - German-English dictionary and search engine for German translations of German development cooperation is the combat against the underlying causes of irregular mi-gration. On the EU level, Germany, like other EU countries, supports the EU strategies aiming at a reduction of irregular migration, for example, by allocating more financial means to the EU-Af-rica Trust Funds. This, however, is considered to be a component of Germany's interior rather than its.
Germany stands ready to advance sustainable development as both a domestic and a global issue. Since 2013, Germany has advanced the principles of universality, shared responsibility and transparent monitoring in the design of the Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs) adopted in September 2015 at the United Nations General Assembly. Leading by example, the Federal Ministry for Economic Co-operation and Development (BMZ) issued a Charter for the Future in 2014, which sets out its vision. German Development Cooperation(giz) is a renewables & environment company based out of B-5/2, Safdarjung Enclave New Delhi, Delhi, India Development cooperation, Online Learning This first part of the module 'Development Cooperation: International Actors and Roles' links the developmental discourse to the global level of governance, the international relations and the relevance of multilateral actors in terms of their institutional arrangements, policies and motives
The Millennium Development Goals provide a strategic framework for Germany's development cooperation, which focuses on six areas: good governance; education and training; health; rural. Development Cooperation Nepal is an important partner country of German Development Cooperation. For more than half a century, Germany has been contributing to the improvement of the livelihood of the Nepalese people and has been supporting the political, economic, environmental and social development of the country German Development Cooperation German cooperation with Tanzania takes place in various forms and at various levels. As well as direct, bilateral cooperation, Germany also contributes to the multilateral programmes administered by such organisations as the European Commission and the World Bank The German Federal Ministry for Economic Cooperation and Development (BMZ) is our main commissioning party. Currently, GIZ promotes sustainable development in Ghana via about 50 programmes and projects. Our activities cover currently four priority areas: Economic Development, Agriculture, Governance and Renewable Energy and Energy Efficiency
New 28/03/2021 - by Katja Dombrowski. The British Dasgupta Review makes the case that humanity and its economic systems should be considered part of nature. According to this view, biodiversity is a valuable asset, and its disappearance poses a threat to prosperity. Every interaction with nature should be guided by the idea of true sustainability NIRAS - IP Consult is a dynamic, international consulting company based in Stuttgart, Germany that supports change for sustainable development. With over 35 years' experience in development cooperation, NIRAS - IP Consult works in a wide range of sectors throughout Africa, Asia, Europe and Latin America mainly for the Gesellschaft für Internationale Zusammenarbeit GmbH (GIZ), the. German Development Cooperation (GIZ) | One Planet Network the German Development Cooperation (GDC). Furthermore, the BMZ established the GIZ Inclusion of Persons with Disabilities sector programme to strengthen the inclusion of persons with disabilities within the GDC. As the publication of a manual on disability inclusion is formulated as one specific activity within the Ac In Germany, development cooperation is the policy field with the longest tradition in evaluation. All major German organisations in development cooperation use the instrument of evaluation - however, to different degrees with regard to qualitative and quantitative aspects. This study on behalf of the German Federal Ministry for Economic Cooperation and Development (BMZ) analyses methodically analyses the way the different organisations evaluate, how much they know about the impact of their.
The German Development Cooperation (GIZ) supports the German government in the year of Germany's EU Council Presidency. This month, Germany has assumed.. Land governance in German development cooperation Access to land is key to achieving food security, poverty alleviation, social equity and environmental protection. A brief insight in land governance-related principles and policies of the German development assistance In 1998 GIZ (former GTZ) published the Guiding Principles on Land Tenure in Development Cooperation in the form of a handbook. The publication enjoyed a warm reception and quickly became a source book among land experts and practitioners in Germany and abroad. Since then the relevance, sensibility and complexity of land policy and land tenure issues have eve German Development Cooperation with China Thomas Bonschab, Robert Kappel and Helmut Reisen 12 February, 2020 The FDP (Free Democratic Party), in particular, has regularly asked in parliament why the German government still pays almost 500 million euros in development aid to China every year. This affects the sentiment of the electorate in two ways
1.4 Changing national development cooperation framework conditions 41 1.4.1 International trends and implementation 41 1.4.2 Changes in the objectives of German development policy as a result of the MDGs 41 1.4.3 Ownership and alignment 42 1.4.4 Harmonisation & coherence 43 1.4.5 Orientation towards impact 4 The project was commissioned by the BGR and funded by the German Federal Ministry for Economic Cooperation and Development (BMZ). It is part of the larger BMZ-initiative on Human rights in the German development cooperation Germany supports Serbia during the global pandemic. Improving lives in Serbia. German support for Serbia aims to contribute to EU rapprochement, to strengthen the performance of the economy and, in turn, to improve living conditions in the country. LEARN MORE Secure access to land has become a major focus of German Development Cooperation, resulting in a growing need for appropriate orientation and knowledge for development practitioners. In reaction to these demands, BMZ and GIZ recently published the handbook Land in German Development Cooperation: Guiding Principles, Challenges and Prospects for the Future. The publication discusses a.
DEG: German development finance institution . For almost 60 years DEG, a subsidiary of KfW, has been a reliable partner to private-sector companies and financial service providers operating in developing markets. Our customers are based in developing and emerging countries, Germany and other industrialised nations. We provide them with long-term investment capital, which is often difficult to. To this end, China and Germany hold dialogues on development cooperation to promote learning and mutual understanding on the implementation of the Agenda 2030, both on policy, technical and academic levels. As a result of mutual learning, both sides can adapt and improve the way how they are delivering their Development Cooperation As a federally owned enterprise, GIZ supports the German Government in achieving its objectives in the field of international cooperation for sustainable development. Published by: Deutsche Gesellschaft für Internationale Zusammenarbeit (GIZ) GmbH Registered offices: Bonn and Eschborn Friedrich-Ebert-Allee 36 + 40 53113 Bonn, Germany T +49 (0) 228 4460 - Broad-based Expertise for sustainable development is a Slogan of the Deutsche Gesellschaft für Internationale Zusammenarbeit GmbH (GIZ), a key Player in German development cooperation. Working for the German Federal Ministry for Economic Cooperation and Development and other German ministries and public bodies, GIZ operates in more than 130 countries worldwide. 16,510 staff around the globe, almost 70 per cent of whom are employed locally as national personnel, carried out projects worth.
Besides Government-to-Government cooperation, implemented by KfW and GIZ, Germany also promotes development in Uganda through non-state actors, namely German foundations, and other Non-Government-Organizations. The German Government has co-funded projects of these organizations in Uganda with more than EUR 22 million (UGX 70 billion) since 2004 contribution made by German development cooperation (DC) to United Nations peace missions and has developed a theoretical model for studying the projects of German development stakeholders with regard to their relevance within the peace process Sustainability. Focusing on sustainability: how the DAAD is contributing to overcoming global challenges - in accordance with the 2030 Agenda and the Sustainable Development Goals - by promoting international cooperation worldwide The German Government and in particular the German Federal Ministry for Economic Cooperation and Development (BMZ) welcome private sector engagement in developing countries and emerging economies, and support a whole range of programmes and initiatives - from project support in a 'development partnership' to tailored funding options and access to networks of suitable personnel
Developing a manual on disability mainstreaming for the German Development Cooperation - Case Study Namibi Indo-German Development Cooperation to improve waste management in Goa: An interview with GIZ's Vaibhav Rathi. Aafrin Kidwai ; November 26, 2020 ; Interviews ; Goa has been in the news of late for its various waste-management pursuits. State capital Panaji recently announced plans to set up biomethanation plants across the city to cut down on wet-waste, even as it implements a 16-way. Sector Programme Global Initiative for Access to Insurance Voices from the field As a federally owned enterprise, GIZ supports the German Government in achieving its objectives in the field of international cooperation for sustainable development
German Federal Ministry of Economic Cooperation and Development (BMZ) and the Partnership for Sustain- able Textiles, outlining possible courses of action through which the concept of a circular textile sector can be further promoted within the context of German development cooperation over the next years. Methodologically, the report draws from a structured literature analysis and background. Development Cooperation bet. Egypt, Germany hits $2.4B. BY. Egypt Today staff. Wed, 10 Jul 2019 - 09:44 GMT. Minister of Investment Sahar Nasr - Screenshot from Bloomberg. CAIRO - 10 July 2019: Development Cooperation between Egypt and Germany recorded $2.4 billion, Ministry of Investment announced Tuesday. The ministry added in a statement that the German investment in Egypt reached $7.4. The Shenzhen Bao'an Sino-German（Europe) Industrial Development Cooperation Alliance (hereinafter referred to as the union) (hereinafter referred to as the union) is dominated by the government of Bao'an district shenzhen city, Bao'an district economic promotion board director, German industrial docking to high of 4.0, the introduction of Germany advanced technology and.
DEG in demand as a provider of development financing in the pandemic. Read press realease. All news and press releases. Our solutions. For corporates . We tailor our financing to the long-term success of your business and help your company to develop to its full potential. More information. For financial institutions. Success is very often a question of trust - trust that others place in you. Moreover, potential for cooperation between diaspora organisations and the German Development Cooperation will be identified Development cooperation can be defined as an activity that meets the following four criteria: 1. Aims explicitly to support national or international development priorities Not all international.
That makes Germany the third-largest donor in absolute figures; Germany's ODA rose to 0.52 percent of its gross national income in 2015. Spending on development cooperation continues to be one of the German government's top priorities. It has continuously increased its spending in recent years and a further rise is planned for 2017. The. The German Ambassador stressed that German-Jordanian cooperation started already in 1959. Ever since, both countries have worked intensively together to promote sustainable development in Jordan - and have achieved significant results in the area of water/wastewater, education, employment promotion, environmental protection and solid waste management. Ambassador Siefker-Eberle highlighted. Many translated example sentences containing international development cooperation - German-English dictionary and search engine for German translations German Development Cooperation. Managing a Programme that develops the capacities of Malawian partner organisations in Decentralisation and Spatial Planning with a team of 12 international and 5 local experts. 1 Jahr und 10 Monate, Sep. 2005 - Juni 2007. Planning Advisor, Ministry of Local Government Malawi . German Development Service - DED. Senior Business Analyst. DHL Worldwide Network NV. With the 40th anniversary of the Treaty, the Franco-German cooperation received a new dynamism. Since January 2003, the intergovernmental consultations have taken place in the form of joint cabinet councils. This means that usually all members of both cabinets come together and discuss the latest and most important issues. Furthermore, the German and the French ministers deal with topical.